A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted, or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding brain cells.
Types of Stroke
There are two types of stroke:
An Ischemic Stroke is a blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, ultimately causing a brain infarction – or death of brain tissue. Ischemic Stroke accounts for approximately 80 % of all Stroke incidents. Ischemic Strokes can also be caused by either an abnormal narrowing or thickening of the artery wall. Also called Embolic Stroke or Thrombotic Stroke.
A Haemorrhagic Stroke is bleeding into or around the brain. Such strokes account for approximately 20 % of all strokes. Also called Intracerebral Haemorrhage or Subarachnoid Haemorrhage.
Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood (Ischemic Stroke) or when they are damaged by sudden bleeding into or around the brain (Haemorrhagic Stroke). When blood flow to the brain is interrupted, some brain cells die immediately, while others remain at risk of death.
Our highly specialized neurological physiotherapists are able to deliver tailored stroke rehabilitation programs.
A Stroke may affect different areas of your body. Common areas which can be enhanced through Neurological Physiotherapy include:
- Improving walking
- Improving arm and hand function after Stroke
- Reducing post-stroke shoulder pain from shoulder instability or weakness
- Enhancing mobility by addressing any foot dragging
- Reducing spasticity in limbs and muscles
- Addressing weak and spastic muscles
- Re-educating movement patterns through natural and assisted technology methods, such as:
- Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)
- Mirror therapy
Sometimes patients have been told that they have reached a point where they will no longer improve.
From our experience, we have seen improvement in clients many years after the onset of their condition. With determination and help from our specialist team of Neurological Physiotherapists, we can help clients regain movement and function long after they have been told they have ‘plateaued’ in their recovery.